Music Works of choro the Japanese Guitarist

Choroidea Online mixing ZENRYOKU Syndrome

Mixing Tips and Tricks 9/9 Vocal, Guitar, Bass, Drum, How to Make Perfect Volume Balance



Choroidea Online Mixing Course Vol.1

This online course shows the process of mixing this song.

▲ZENRYOKU syndrome - Words, Music, Arrangement and Guitar by choro


As for DAW, everybody'd go for sound production using equalizer, compressor and other plugins.
But the most important mixing technique is volume adjustment.

The more technique you use, the more complicated mixing will be!
Your audio track will end up to be very unnatural.

The key to avoid it is to start with the basics.


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Previous Article - Mixing Tips and Tricks 8/9 How to Mix Drums with Compression and Reverb Effects


Sho Uehara

Today, I'll talk about mixing.
The two most important things on mixing are the volume balance and the flow of music.

When it comes to mixing, sound production is not that important, I think.
People are so enthusiastic about production of each sound, but they don't care about making balancing volume.

The important things about mixing are definitely the volume balance and the flow of music .


Wow! I was so concentrated on sound production!

Sho Uehara

I don't blame you.
Musicians should be concentrated on sound production.
For that reason, the requests I get from musicians are mainly about sound production.

I, off course, accommodate the request, then do what I have to do.

Now, let me explain about the drum and the bass first.

▲Drum and Bass

Blue lines are called automation.
I adjust volumes of kick, snare, hi-hat and so forth, to make them well balanced.

I raise the volume where there are a lot of sound sources, like the chorus part.
I lower the volume where there are less.

When there are a lot of sound sources, the sound of the drum and bass can be buried among. But, rhythm is very important for the excitement of the chorus.
So I raise the volume.

I often raise the volume on the chorus part intentionally.
Raising and lowering the volume, modulation is engineers' job.
Most of the time, real performance can't create well-modulated sound.


I know what you mean.
I do live performances, so I do the same thing without noticing.

Sho Uehara

▲Backing Guitars

This is the backing guitars.
I added some backing guitar files to the recorded audio files.

The concept of the guitar is the same as the drum and bass.
At the chorus part, the lead guitar stands out. The backing guitars should be heard with the lead guitar. The balance with other instruments is important.

▲Lead Guitar

This is the lead guitar.
Upper three are main intro riff guitars, middle three are chorus riff guitar, the next is the side guitar for the chorus part, the second from the bottom is the riff guitar right before the third chorus, the lowest bottom is the lead guitar.

I split an audio track into many separate channels.
That way I can easily make them well balanced and mix separately.

When it comes to the volume balance of the guitar, the natural flow of the sound is important.


I've hardly seen any engineer splitting audio channels.

It looks to me engineers would gather audio files if possible.
What you do is somethig I also do.

Especially the guitar changes the sound many times in one song.

Sho Uehara

I can use automation but it's rather troublesome.
I split a track partially.

Here is the chorus part, there should be a rise,
here is the first verse, there should be calmness,
...and so forth.

And the whole thing has to be connected with other instrument.

Of course, this is something the performer's already considered, we engineers even enhance it.


Yes, you're right.
And engineers' technique is outstanding.

Sho Uehara

The worst example of mixing is that the chorus part doesn't have liveliness. In order to have that, the volume or tempo should be raised.

When I raise the volume, I raise the volumn of each instrument separately.
When I raise the tempo, for example, I add a hi-hat track slightly.
Any way, I do whatever I can do to give liveliness.


This is the vocals.
The most important thing is that the volume of the vocal is steady and the lyric is heard clearly.

You see? There are three points that the volume's raised, which are the chorus part. At the chorus part, there are more sounds. It's hard to catch the vocal sound.

So I raise the volume of the vocal.
And to make it sounds more human, I finely adjust the volume.


You told me where you'd raised the volume previously.
Still I couldn't tell where, when I first listened to it. It was so natural!

I think that mixing is for making music more natural than real performance.

Sho Uehara

I definitely agree!
Giving liveliness to where liveliness is needed, giving calmness where calmness is needed, it's so natural, and that's what engineers're doing.

It's so difficult, though. You have to get the clear picture of the whole number.

Again, the two most important things on mixing are the volume balance and the flow of music.

The flow of music is more important than each note.
Listen to the number you mixed objectively.
If you ever get bored halfway even if only slightly, blame it on your mixing.


That's all for now folks!

That's all for Choroidea Mixing Course Vol.1.

choro's Twitter

Sho's Twitter


Here, you can download "ZENRYOKU syndrome" audio tracks.

"ZENRYOKU syndrome" Download Site

On this site, there are "full (フル) ver." "full (フル) ver. with lyric (歌詞)" "Karaoke(カラオケ) ver." "individual instrument tracks(パート別)" "Played by Katzuya Shimizu".



Choroidea Online Mixing Course Vol.1

Mixing Tip and Tricks 1/9 Tips and Tricks to Mix Vocaloid

Mixing Tip and Tricks 2/9 Make a Vocaloid Sound More Human

Mixing Tip and Tricks 3/9 Tips for Guitar Recording

Mixing Tip and Tricks 4/9 All About Compression, EQ, Reverb, Delay

Mixing Tip and Tricks 5/9 Songwriting and Arranging Tips for Band

Mixing Tip and Tricks 6/9 Ask Pro about Parameter Editing for Vocaloid

Mixing Tip and Tricks 7/9 Ask Pro about DAW Tips for Vocaloid

Mixing Tip and Tricks 8/9 How to Mix Drums with Compression and Reverb Effects



-Choroidea Online, mixing, ZENRYOKU Syndrome
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